Seniors and Sleep: How Much Sleep Do Older Adults Need?
Many things change as we get older. Something that we don’t necessarily expect to change is how we sleep. In fact, 46% of adults 65 and older have trouble falling asleep and sleeping well through the night on a regular basis. Adults over the age of 65 should be getting 7-8 hours of sleep per night. But getting quality sleep at night can be difficult for seniors.
As we age, our bodies make less of the chemicals and hormones that help us sleep well.
Some seniors develop sensitivity to environmental factors affecting sleep, including noise and temperature.
The parts of the brain that control sleep are affected by conditions such as Parkinson's disease or stroke.
Arthritis and other conditions can also play a role in sleep quality due to chronic pain.
In addition, seniors may fall asleep earlier than usual, wake up in the middle of the night, or suffer from insomnia – all of which can negatively impact the quality of daily life. In addition to affecting mood, lack of sleep can lead to issues with memory and an increased risk of falling.
Inadequate rest affects mood– Not getting a full night of sleep can cause irritability, stress, problems with concentration, and mood swings. Long-term sleep deprivation can lead to cognitive issues and depression.
When seniors don’t sleep, their bodies suffer– Headaches, body aches, and weakness can sometimes be attributed to lack of sleep.
Being tired can contribute to illness - When tired, an older adult’s immune system doesn’t perform as well, opening the door to illness and infection. Some studies have shown that lack of sleep can lead to heart problems, diabetes and it has even been associated with an increase in risk of breast cancer.
Seniors that are having a hard time sleeping can get help from their doctor. However, there are a few things they can try at home to help ensure a restful night’s sleep:
Having a sleep schedule– going to bed at the same time every night, and getting up at the same time every morning, helps a person adjust to a natural sleep rhythm.
Being mindful about eating habits– Alcohol, spicy foods, caffeine and a diet high in sugar can all cause sleep issues. Eating and drinking close to bedtime can also be a problem for some – rather than having a full meal before bed, it’s better to have a light snack or warm milk.
Creating an individualized sleep plan– Changing nighttime routines, and daily activities, can have an impact on sleep. It’s important for people to find out what works for them and create a schedule that they stick to – consistency is key! Some people find that more physical activity during the day helps them sleep better. Others find that napping during the day makes it harder to sleep at night, while some aren’t affected. Meditation before bed, a warm bath or reading time at night can all be part of a sleep plan, if they help.
Sleep Apnea and TMD may also affect your sleep patterns, and Sleep apnea will not go away on its own and may lead to serious health complications if left untreated. Sleep apnea increases your risk of heart attack, stroke, diabetes, and many other serious diseases, and can even be deadly.
Sleep Better Doylestown and Dr. Snyder want to be a partner in your overall health through their expert dental care, because a great night's sleep is so important for every part of your health. Remember it’s a good idea to have a regular dental checkup which can lead to better night's rest.
Want to Learn More?
If you believe you are suffering from Sleep Apnea or TMJ and would like more information about the disorder, contact Beth Snyder DMD at (215) 346-7462 and receive a professional diagnosis.
Schedule a consultation today to learn more!
ReferencesWashington Post. “Sleep patterns can change with aging. Does that mean health troubles ahead?” Web. 2019.Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. “Get Enough Sleep.” Web. Health Magazine. “11 Surprising Health Benefits of Sleep.” Web. 2018.
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